naginterfaces.library.quad.dim1_fin_general(f, a, b, epsabs, epsrel, maxsub, data=None)[source]

dim1_fin_general is a general purpose integrator which calculates an approximation to the integral of a function over a finite interval :

For full information please refer to the NAG Library document for d01rj

fcallable (fv, iflag) = f(x, iflag, data=None)

must return the values of the integrand at a set of points.

xfloat, ndarray, shape

The abscissae, , for , at which function values are required.



dataarbitrary, optional, modifiable in place

User-communication data for callback functions.

fvfloat, array-like, shape

must contain the values of the integrand . for all .


Set to force an immediate exit with = -1.


, the lower limit of integration.


, the upper limit of integration. It is not necessary that .

Note: if , the function will immediately return with , , and .


, the absolute accuracy required. If is negative, . See Accuracy.


, the relative accuracy required. If is negative, . See Accuracy.


, the upper bound on the total number of subdivisions dim1_fin_general may use to generate new segments. If , only the initial segment will be evaluated.

Suggested value: a value in the range to is adequate for most problems.

dataarbitrary, optional

User-communication data for callback functions.


The approximation to the integral .


An estimate of the modulus of the absolute error, which should be an upper bound for .

rinfofloat, ndarray, shape

Details of the computation. See Further Comments for more information.

iinfoint, ndarray, shape

Details of the computation. See Further Comments for more information.

(errno )

On entry, .

Constraint: .

(errno )

Exit from with .

(errno )

The maximum number of subdivisions () has been reached: .

(errno )

Round-off error prevents the requested tolerance from being achieved: and .

(errno )

Extremely bad integrand behaviour occurs around the sub-interval .

(errno )

Round-off error is detected in the extrapolation table.

(errno )

The integral is probably divergent or slowly convergent.


dim1_fin_general is based on the QUADPACK routine QAGS (see Piessens et al. (1983)). It is an adaptive function, using the Gauss -point and Kronrod -point rules. The algorithm, described in de Doncker (1978), incorporates a global acceptance criterion (as defined by Malcolm and Simpson (1976)) together with the -algorithm (see Wynn (1956)) to perform extrapolation. The local error estimation is described in Piessens et al. (1983).

The function is suitable as a general purpose integrator, and can be used when the integrand has singularities, especially when these are of algebraic or logarithmic type.

dim1_fin_general requires you to supply a function to evaluate the integrand at an array of points.


de Doncker, E, 1978, An adaptive extrapolation algorithm for automatic integration, ACM SIGNUM Newsl. (13(2)), 12–18

Malcolm, M A and Simpson, R B, 1976, Local versus global strategies for adaptive quadrature, ACM Trans. Math. Software (1), 129–146

Piessens, R, de Doncker–Kapenga, E, Überhuber, C and Kahaner, D, 1983, QUADPACK, A Subroutine Package for Automatic Integration, Springer–Verlag

Wynn, P, 1956, On a device for computing the transformation, Math. Tables Aids Comput. (10), 91–96