The routine may be called by the names f07auf, nagf_lapacklin_zgecon or its LAPACK name zgecon.
f07auf estimates the condition number of a complex matrix , in either the -norm or the -norm:
Note that .
Because the condition number is infinite if is singular, the routine actually returns an estimate of the reciprocal of the condition number.
The routine should be preceded by a call to f06uaf to compute or , and a call to f07arf to compute the factorization of . The routine then uses Higham's implementation of Hager's method (see Higham (1988)) to estimate or .
Higham N J (1988) FORTRAN codes for estimating the one-norm of a real or complex matrix, with applications to condition estimation ACM Trans. Math. Software14 381–396
1: – Character(1)Input
On entry: indicates whether or is estimated.
, or .
2: – IntegerInput
On entry: , the order of the matrix .
3: – Complex (Kind=nag_wp) arrayInput
Note: the second dimension of the array a
must be at least
On entry: the factorization of , as returned by f07arf.
4: – IntegerInput
On entry: the first dimension of the array a as declared in the (sub)program from which f07auf is called.
5: – Real (Kind=nag_wp)Input
On entry: if or , the -norm of the original matrix .
If , the -norm of the original matrix .
anorm may be computed by calling f06uaf with the same value for the argument norm.
anorm must be computed either before calling f07arf or else from a copy of the original matrix .
6: – Real (Kind=nag_wp)Output
On exit: an estimate of the reciprocal of the condition number of . rcond is set to zero if exact singularity is detected or the estimate underflows. If rcond is less than machine precision, is singular to working precision.
7: – Complex (Kind=nag_wp) arrayWorkspace
8: – Real (Kind=nag_wp) arrayWorkspace
9: – IntegerOutput
On exit: unless the routine detects an error (see Section 6).
6Error Indicators and Warnings
If , argument had an illegal value. An explanatory message is output, and execution of the program is terminated.
The computed estimate rcond is never less than the true value , and in practice is nearly always less than , although examples can be constructed where rcond is much larger.
8Parallelism and Performance
Background information to multithreading can be found in the Multithreading documentation.
f07auf makes calls to BLAS and/or LAPACK routines, which may be threaded within the vendor library used by this implementation. Consult the documentation for the vendor library for further information.
Please consult the X06 Chapter Introduction for information on how to control and interrogate the OpenMP environment used within this routine. Please also consult the Users' Note for your implementation for any additional implementation-specific information.
A call to f07auf involves solving a number of systems of linear equations of the form or ; the number is usually and never more than . Each solution involves approximately real floating-point operations but takes considerably longer than a call to f07asf with one right-hand side, because extra care is taken to avoid overflow when is approximately singular.