NAG FL Interface
f01qjf (real_​gen_​rq)

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1 Purpose

f01qjf finds the RQ factorization of the real m×n (mn) matrix A, so that A is reduced to upper triangular form by means of orthogonal transformations from the right.

2 Specification

Fortran Interface
Subroutine f01qjf ( m, n, a, lda, zeta, ifail)
Integer, Intent (In) :: m, n, lda
Integer, Intent (Inout) :: ifail
Real (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (Inout) :: a(lda,*)
Real (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (Out) :: zeta(m)
C Header Interface
#include <nag.h>
void  f01qjf_ (const Integer *m, const Integer *n, double a[], const Integer *lda, double zeta[], Integer *ifail)
The routine may be called by the names f01qjf or nagf_matop_real_gen_rq.

3 Description

The m×n matrix A is factorized as
A=( R 0 ) PT when  m<n, A=RPT when  m=n,  
where P is an n×n orthogonal matrix and R is an m×m upper triangular matrix.
P is given as a sequence of Householder transformation matrices
the (m-k+1)th transformation matrix, Pk, being used to introduce zeros into the kth row of A. Pk has the form
uk=( wk ζk 0 zk ) ,  
ζk is a scalar, wk is an (k-1) element vector and zk is an (n-m) element vector. uk is chosen to annihilate the elements in the kth row of A.
The vector uk is returned in the kth element of zeta and in the kth row of a, such that ζk is in zeta(k), the elements of wk are in a(k,1),,a(k,k-1) and the elements of zk are in a(k,m+1),,a(k,n). The elements of R are returned in the upper triangular part of a.

4 References

Golub G H and Van Loan C F (1996) Matrix Computations (3rd Edition) Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore
Wilkinson J H (1965) The Algebraic Eigenvalue Problem Oxford University Press, Oxford

5 Arguments

1: m Integer Input
On entry: m, the number of rows of the matrix A.
When m=0 then an immediate return is effected.
Constraint: m0.
2: n Integer Input
On entry: n, the number of columns of the matrix A.
Constraint: nm.
3: a(lda,*) Real (Kind=nag_wp) array Input/Output
Note: the second dimension of the array a must be at least max(1,n).
On entry: the leading m×n part of the array a must contain the matrix to be factorized.
On exit: the m×m upper triangular part of a will contain the upper triangular matrix R, and the m×m strictly lower triangular part of a and the m×(n-m) rectangular part of a to the right of the upper triangular part will contain details of the factorization as described in Section 3.
4: lda Integer Input
On entry: the first dimension of the array a as declared in the (sub)program from which f01qjf is called.
Constraint: ldamax(1,m).
5: zeta(m) Real (Kind=nag_wp) array Output
On exit: zeta(k) contains the scalar ζk for the (m-k+1)th transformation. If Pk=I then zeta(k)=0.0, otherwise zeta(k) contains ζk as described in Section 3 and ζk is always in the range (1.0,2.0).
6: ifail Integer Input/Output
On entry: ifail must be set to 0, −1 or 1 to set behaviour on detection of an error; these values have no effect when no error is detected.
A value of 0 causes the printing of an error message and program execution will be halted; otherwise program execution continues. A value of −1 means that an error message is printed while a value of 1 means that it is not.
If halting is not appropriate, the value −1 or 1 is recommended. If message printing is undesirable, then the value 1 is recommended. Otherwise, the value 0 is recommended. When the value -1 or 1 is used it is essential to test the value of ifail on exit.
On exit: ifail=0 unless the routine detects an error or a warning has been flagged (see Section 6).

6 Error Indicators and Warnings

If on entry ifail=0 or −1, explanatory error messages are output on the current error message unit (as defined by x04aaf).
Errors or warnings detected by the routine:
On entry, lda=value and m=value.
Constraint: ldam.
On entry, m=value.
Constraint: m0.
On entry, n=value and m=value.
Constraint: nm.
An unexpected error has been triggered by this routine. Please contact NAG.
See Section 7 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 8 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 9 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.

7 Accuracy

The computed factors R and P satisfy the relation
( R 0 ) PT=A+E,  
Ecε A,  
ε is the machine precision (see x02ajf), c is a modest function of m and n, and . denotes the spectral (two) norm.

8 Parallelism and Performance

Background information to multithreading can be found in the Multithreading documentation.
f01qjf makes calls to BLAS and/or LAPACK routines, which may be threaded within the vendor library used by this implementation. Consult the documentation for the vendor library for further information.
Please consult the X06 Chapter Introduction for information on how to control and interrogate the OpenMP environment used within this routine. Please also consult the Users' Note for your implementation for any additional implementation-specific information.

9 Further Comments

The approximate number of floating-point operations is given by 2×m2(3n-m)/3.
The first k rows of the orthogonal matrix PT can be obtained by calling f01qkf, which overwrites the k rows of PT on the first k rows of the array a. PT is obtained by the call:
ifail = 0
Call f01qkf('Separate',m,n,k,a,lda,zeta,work,ifail)
WORK must be a max(m-1,k-m,1) element array. If K is larger than M, then a must have been declared to have at least K rows.
Operations involving the matrix R can readily be performed by the Level 2 BLAS routines f06pff and f06pjf (see Chapter F06), but note that no test for near singularity of R is incorporated into f06pjf. If R is singular, or nearly singular then f02wuf can be used to determine the singular value decomposition of R.

10 Example

This example obtains the RQ factorization of the 3×5 matrix
A=( 2.0 2.0 1.6 2.0 1.2 2.5 2.5 -0.4 -0.5 -0.3 2.5 2.5 2.8 0.5 -2.9 ) .  

10.1 Program Text

Program Text (f01qjfe.f90)

10.2 Program Data

Program Data (f01qjfe.d)

10.3 Program Results

Program Results (f01qjfe.r)