NAG FL Interface
f11dsf (complex_​gen_​solve_​jacssor)

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1 Purpose

f11dsf solves a complex sparse non-Hermitian system of linear equations, represented in coordinate storage format, using a restarted generalized minimal residual (RGMRES), conjugate gradient squared (CGS), stabilized bi-conjugate gradient (Bi-CGSTAB), or transpose-free quasi-minimal residual (TFQMR) method, without preconditioning, with Jacobi, or with SSOR preconditioning.

2 Specification

Fortran Interface
Subroutine f11dsf ( method, precon, n, nnz, a, irow, icol, omega, b, m, tol, maxitn, x, rnorm, itn, work, lwork, iwork, ifail)
Integer, Intent (In) :: n, nnz, irow(nnz), icol(nnz), m, maxitn, lwork
Integer, Intent (Inout) :: ifail
Integer, Intent (Out) :: itn, iwork(2*n+1)
Real (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (In) :: omega, tol
Real (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (Out) :: rnorm
Complex (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (In) :: a(nnz), b(n)
Complex (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (Inout) :: x(n)
Complex (Kind=nag_wp), Intent (Out) :: work(lwork)
Character (*), Intent (In) :: method
Character (1), Intent (In) :: precon
C Header Interface
#include <nag.h>
void  f11dsf_ (const char *method, const char *precon, const Integer *n, const Integer *nnz, const Complex a[], const Integer irow[], const Integer icol[], const double *omega, const Complex b[], const Integer *m, const double *tol, const Integer *maxitn, Complex x[], double *rnorm, Integer *itn, Complex work[], const Integer *lwork, Integer iwork[], Integer *ifail, const Charlen length_method, const Charlen length_precon)
The routine may be called by the names f11dsf or nagf_sparse_complex_gen_solve_jacssor.

3 Description

f11dsf solves a complex sparse non-Hermitian system of linear equations:
using an RGMRES (see Saad and Schultz (1986)), CGS (see Sonneveld (1989)), Bi-CGSTAB() (see Van der Vorst (1989) and Sleijpen and Fokkema (1993)), or TFQMR (see Freund and Nachtigal (1991) and Freund (1993)) method.
f11dsf allows the following choices for the preconditioner:
For incomplete LU (ILU) preconditioning see f11dqf.
The matrix A is represented in coordinate storage (CS) format (see Section 2.1.1 in the F11 Chapter Introduction) in the arrays a, irow and icol. The array a holds the nonzero entries in the matrix, while irow and icol hold the corresponding row and column indices.
f11dsf is a Black Box routine which calls f11brf, f11bsf and f11btf. If you wish to use an alternative storage scheme, preconditioner, or termination criterion, or require additional diagnostic information, you should call these underlying routines directly.

4 References

Freund R W (1993) A transpose-free quasi-minimal residual algorithm for non-Hermitian linear systems SIAM J. Sci. Comput. 14 470–482
Freund R W and Nachtigal N (1991) QMR: a Quasi-Minimal Residual Method for Non-Hermitian Linear Systems Numer. Math. 60 315–339
Saad Y and Schultz M (1986) GMRES: a generalized minimal residual algorithm for solving nonsymmetric linear systems SIAM J. Sci. Statist. Comput. 7 856–869
Sleijpen G L G and Fokkema D R (1993) BiCGSTAB() for linear equations involving matrices with complex spectrum ETNA 1 11–32
Sonneveld P (1989) CGS, a fast Lanczos-type solver for nonsymmetric linear systems SIAM J. Sci. Statist. Comput. 10 36–52
Van der Vorst H (1989) Bi-CGSTAB, a fast and smoothly converging variant of Bi-CG for the solution of nonsymmetric linear systems SIAM J. Sci. Statist. Comput. 13 631–644
Young D (1971) Iterative Solution of Large Linear Systems Academic Press, New York

5 Arguments

1: method Character(*) Input
On entry: specifies the iterative method to be used.
Restarted generalized minimum residual method.
Conjugate gradient squared method.
Bi-conjugate gradient stabilized () method.
Transpose-free quasi-minimal residual method.
Constraint: method='RGMRES', 'CGS', 'BICGSTAB' or 'TFQMR'.
2: precon Character(1) Input
On entry: specifies the type of preconditioning to be used.
No preconditioning.
Symmetric successive-over-relaxation (SSOR).
Constraint: precon='N', 'J' or 'S'.
3: n Integer Input
On entry: n, the order of the matrix A.
Constraint: n1.
4: nnz Integer Input
On entry: the number of nonzero elements in the matrix A.
Constraint: 1nnzn2.
5: a(nnz) Complex (Kind=nag_wp) array Input
On entry: the nonzero elements of the matrix A, ordered by increasing row index, and by increasing column index within each row. Multiple entries for the same row and column indices are not permitted. The routine f11znf may be used to order the elements in this way.
6: irow(nnz) Integer array Input
7: icol(nnz) Integer array Input
On entry: the row and column indices of the nonzero elements supplied in a.
irow and icol must satisfy the following constraints (which may be imposed by a call to f11znf):
  • 1irow(i)n and 1icol(i)n, for i=1,2,,nnz;
  • either irow(i-1)<irow(i) or both irow(i-1)=irow(i) and icol(i-1)<icol(i), for i=2,3,,nnz.
8: omega Real (Kind=nag_wp) Input
On entry: if precon='S', omega is the relaxation parameter ω to be used in the SSOR method. Otherwise omega need not be initialized and is not referenced.
Constraint: 0.0<omega<2.0.
9: b(n) Complex (Kind=nag_wp) array Input
On entry: the right-hand side vector b.
10: m Integer Input
On entry: if method='RGMRES', m is the dimension of the restart subspace.
If method='BICGSTAB', m is the order of the polynomial Bi-CGSTAB method.
Otherwise, m is not referenced.
  • if method='RGMRES', 0<mmin(n,50);
  • if method='BICGSTAB', 0<mmin(n,10).
11: tol Real (Kind=nag_wp) Input
On entry: the required tolerance. Let xk denote the approximate solution at iteration k, and rk the corresponding residual. The algorithm is considered to have converged at iteration k if
If tol0.0, τ=maxε,10ε,nε is used, where ε is the machine precision. Otherwise τ=max(tol,10ε,nε) is used.
Constraint: tol<1.0.
12: maxitn Integer Input
On entry: the maximum number of iterations allowed.
Constraint: maxitn1.
13: x(n) Complex (Kind=nag_wp) array Input/Output
On entry: an initial approximation to the solution vector x.
On exit: an improved approximation to the solution vector x.
14: rnorm Real (Kind=nag_wp) Output
On exit: the final value of the residual norm rk, where k is the output value of itn.
15: itn Integer Output
On exit: the number of iterations carried out.
16: work(lwork) Complex (Kind=nag_wp) array Workspace
17: lwork Integer Input
On entry: the dimension of the array work as declared in the (sub)program from which f11dsf is called.
  • if method='RGMRES', lwork4×n+m×(m+n+5)+nu+121;
  • if method='CGS', lwork8×n+nu+120;
  • if method='BICGSTAB', lwork2×n×(m+3)+m×(m+2)+nu+120;
  • if method='TFQMR', lwork11×n+nu+120.
Where nu=n for precon='J' or 'S' and nu=0 otherwise.
18: iwork(2×n+1) Integer array Workspace
19: ifail Integer Input/Output
On entry: ifail must be set to 0, −1 or 1 to set behaviour on detection of an error; these values have no effect when no error is detected.
A value of 0 causes the printing of an error message and program execution will be halted; otherwise program execution continues. A value of −1 means that an error message is printed while a value of 1 means that it is not.
If halting is not appropriate, the value −1 or 1 is recommended. If message printing is undesirable, then the value 1 is recommended. Otherwise, the value 0 is recommended. When the value -1 or 1 is used it is essential to test the value of ifail on exit.
On exit: ifail=0 unless the routine detects an error or a warning has been flagged (see Section 6).

6 Error Indicators and Warnings

If on entry ifail=0 or −1, explanatory error messages are output on the current error message unit (as defined by x04aaf).
Errors or warnings detected by the routine:
On entry, lwork is too small: lwork=value. Minimum required value of lwork=value.
On entry, m=value and n=value.
Constraint: 0<mmin(n,value).
On entry, maxitn=value.
Constraint: maxitn1
On entry, method=value.
Constraint: method='RGMRES', 'CGS' or 'BICGSTAB'.
On entry, n=value.
Constraint: n1.
On entry, nnz=value.
Constraint: nnz1.
On entry, nnz=value and n=value.
Constraint: 1nnzn2.
On entry, omega=value.
Constraint: 0.0<omega<2.0
On entry, precon=value.
Constraint: precon='N', 'J' or 'S'.
On entry, tol=value.
Constraint: tol<1.0.
On entry, a(i) is out of order: i=value.
On entry, i=value, icol(i)=value and n=value.
Constraint: icol(i)1 and icol(i)n.
On entry, i=value, irow(i)=value and n=value.
Constraint: irow(i)1 and irow(i)n.
On entry, the location (irow(I),icol(I)) is a duplicate: I=value.
A nonzero element has been supplied which does not lie in the matrix A, is out of order, or has duplicate row and column indices. Consider calling f11znf to reorder and sum or remove duplicates.
The matrix A has a zero diagonal entry in row value.
The matrix A has no diagonal entry in row value.
Jacobi and SSOR preconditioners are not appropriate for this problem.
The required accuracy could not be obtained. However, a reasonable accuracy may have been achieved.
You should check the output value of rnorm for acceptability. This error code usually implies that your problem has been fully and satisfactorily solved to within or close to the accuracy available on your system. Further iterations are unlikely to improve on this situation.
The solution has not converged after value iterations.
Algorithmic breakdown. A solution is returned, although it is possible that it is completely inaccurate.
An internal error has occurred in this function. Check the function call and any array sizes. If the call is correct then please contact NAG for assistance.
An unexpected error has been triggered by this routine. Please contact NAG.
See Section 7 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 8 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 9 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.

7 Accuracy

On successful termination, the final residual rk=b-Axk, where k=itn, satisfies the termination criterion
The value of the final residual norm is returned in rnorm.

8 Parallelism and Performance

Background information to multithreading can be found in the Multithreading documentation.
f11dsf is threaded by NAG for parallel execution in multithreaded implementations of the NAG Library.
f11dsf makes calls to BLAS and/or LAPACK routines, which may be threaded within the vendor library used by this implementation. Consult the documentation for the vendor library for further information.
Please consult the X06 Chapter Introduction for information on how to control and interrogate the OpenMP environment used within this routine. Please also consult the Users' Note for your implementation for any additional implementation-specific information.

9 Further Comments

The time taken by f11dsf for each iteration is roughly proportional to nnz.
The number of iterations required to achieve a prescribed accuracy cannot easily be determined a priori, as it can depend dramatically on the conditioning and spectrum of the preconditioned coefficient matrix A¯=M−1A, for some preconditioning matrix M.

10 Example

This example solves a complex sparse non-Hermitian system of equations using the CGS method, with no preconditioning.

10.1 Program Text

Program Text (f11dsfe.f90)

10.2 Program Data

Program Data (f11dsfe.d)

10.3 Program Results

Program Results (f11dsfe.r)