NAG CL Interface
s21bfc (ellipint_​legendre_​2)

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1 Purpose

s21bfc returns a value of the classical (Legendre) form of the incomplete elliptic integral of the second kind.

2 Specification

#include <nag.h>
double  s21bfc (double phi, double dm, NagError *fail)
The function may be called by the names: s21bfc, nag_specfun_ellipint_legendre_2 or nag_elliptic_integral_e.

3 Description

s21bfc calculates an approximation to the integral
E(ϕm) = 0ϕ (1-msin2θ) 12 dθ ,  
where 0ϕ π2 and msin2ϕ1 .
The integral is computed using the symmetrised elliptic integrals of Carlson (Carlson (1979) and Carlson (1988)). The relevant identity is
E(ϕm) = sinϕ RF (q,r,1) - 13 m sin3ϕ RD (q,r,1) ,  
where q=cos2ϕ , r=1-m sin2ϕ , RF is the Carlson symmetrised incomplete elliptic integral of the first kind (see s21bbc) and RD is the Carlson symmetrised incomplete elliptic integral of the second kind (see s21bcc).

4 References

Abramowitz M and Stegun I A (1972) Handbook of Mathematical Functions (3rd Edition) Dover Publications
Carlson B C (1979) Computing elliptic integrals by duplication Numerische Mathematik 33 1–16
Carlson B C (1988) A table of elliptic integrals of the third kind Math. Comput. 51 267–280

5 Arguments

1: phi double Input
2: dm double Input
On entry: the arguments ϕ and m of the function.
  • 0.0phi π2;
  • dm× sin2(phi) 1.0 .
3: fail NagError * Input/Output
The NAG error argument (see Section 7 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface).

6 Error Indicators and Warnings

Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 3.1.2 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for further information.
An internal error has occurred in this function. Check the function call and any array sizes. If the call is correct then please contact NAG for assistance.
See Section 7.5 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for further information.
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 8 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for further information.
On entry, phi=value.
Constraint: 0phiπ2.
On entry, phi=value and dm=value; the integral is undefined.
Constraint: dm×sin2(phi)1.0.

7 Accuracy

In principle s21bfc is capable of producing full machine precision. However, round-off errors in internal arithmetic will result in slight loss of accuracy. This loss should never be excessive as the algorithm does not involve any significant amplification of round-off error. It is reasonable to assume that the result is accurate to within a small multiple of the machine precision.

8 Parallelism and Performance

Background information to multithreading can be found in the Multithreading documentation.
s21bfc is not threaded in any implementation.

9 Further Comments

You should consult the S Chapter Introduction, which shows the relationship between this function and the Carlson definitions of the elliptic integrals. In particular, the relationship between the argument-constraints for both forms becomes clear.
For more information on the algorithms used to compute RF and RD , see the function documents for s21bbc and s21bcc, respectively.
If you wish to input a value of phi outside the range allowed by this function you should refer to Section 17.4 of Abramowitz and Stegun (1972) for useful identities. For example, E(-ϕ|m)=-E(ϕ|m). A parameter m>1 can be replaced by one less than unity using E(ϕ|m)=mE(ϕm|1m)-(m-1)ϕ.

10 Example

This example simply generates a small set of nonextreme arguments that are used with the function to produce the table of results.

10.1 Program Text

Program Text (s21bfce.c)

10.2 Program Data


10.3 Program Results

Program Results (s21bfce.r)
GnuplotProduced by GNUPLOT 5.4 patchlevel 6 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 0.55 0.6 0.65 0.7 0.75 0.8 0.85 0.9 0.95 1 0.8 0.9 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 gnuplot_plot_1 f m Example Program Classical (Legendre) Form of the Incomplete Elliptic Integral of the Second Kind