NAG CL Interface
f12aqc (complex_proc)
Note: this function uses optional parameters to define choices in the problem specification. If you wish to use default
settings for all of the optional parameters, then the option setting function f12arc need not be called.
If, however, you wish to reset some or all of the settings please refer to Section 11 in f12arc for a detailed description of the specification of the optional parameters.
1
Purpose
f12aqc is a postprocessing function in a suite of functions consisting of
f12anc,
f12apc,
f12aqc,
f12arc and
f12asc. It must be called following a final exit from
f12apc.
2
Specification
The function may be called by the names: f12aqc, nag_sparseig_complex_proc or nag_complex_sparse_eigensystem_sol.
3
Description
The suite of functions is designed to calculate some of the eigenvalues, $\lambda $, (and optionally the corresponding eigenvectors, $x$) of a standard eigenvalue problem $Ax=\lambda x$, or of a generalized eigenvalue problem $Ax=\lambda Bx$ of order $n$, where $n$ is large and the coefficient matrices $A$ and $B$ are sparse, complex and nonsymmetric. The suite can also be used to find selected eigenvalues/eigenvectors of smaller scale dense, complex and nonsymmetric problems.
Following a call to
f12apc,
f12aqc returns the converged approximations to eigenvalues and (optionally) the corresponding approximate eigenvectors and/or an orthonormal basis for the associated approximate invariant subspace. The eigenvalues (and eigenvectors) are selected from those of a standard or generalized eigenvalue problem defined by complex nonsymmetric matrices. There is negligible additional cost to obtain eigenvectors; an orthonormal basis is always computed, but there is an additional storage cost if both are requested.
f12aqc is based on the function
zneupd from the ARPACK package, which uses the Implicitly Restarted Arnoldi iteration method. The method is described in
Lehoucq and Sorensen (1996) and
Lehoucq (2001) while its use within the ARPACK software is described in great detail in
Lehoucq et al. (1998). An evaluation of software for computing eigenvalues of sparse nonsymmetric matrices is provided in
Lehoucq and Scott (1996). This suite of functions offers the same functionality as the ARPACK software for complex nonsymmetric problems, but the interface design is quite different in order to make the option setting clearer and to simplify some of the interfaces.
f12aqc is a postprocessing function that must be called following a successful final exit from
f12apc.
f12aqc uses data returned from
f12apc and options, set either by default or explicitly by calling
f12arc, to return the converged approximations to selected eigenvalues and (optionally):

–the corresponding approximate eigenvectors;

–an orthonormal basis for the associated approximate invariant subspace;

–both.
4
References
Lehoucq R B (2001) Implicitly restarted Arnoldi methods and subspace iteration SIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications 23 551–562
Lehoucq R B and Scott J A (1996) An evaluation of software for computing eigenvalues of sparse nonsymmetric matrices Preprint MCSP5471195 Argonne National Laboratory
Lehoucq R B and Sorensen D C (1996) Deflation techniques for an implicitly restarted Arnoldi iteration SIAM Journal on Matrix Analysis and Applications 17 789–821
Lehoucq R B, Sorensen D C and Yang C (1998) ARPACK Users' Guide: Solution of Largescale Eigenvalue Problems with Implicitly Restarted Arnoldi Methods SIAM, Philadelphia
5
Arguments

1:
$\mathbf{nconv}$ – Integer *
Output

On exit: the number of converged eigenvalues as found by
f12arc.

2:
$\mathbf{d}\left[\mathit{dim}\right]$ – Complex
Output

Note: the dimension,
dim, of the array
d
must be at least
${\mathbf{ncv}}$ (see
f12anc).
On exit: the first
nconv locations of the array
d contain the converged approximate eigenvalues.

3:
$\mathbf{z}\left[{\mathbf{n}}\times {\mathbf{ncv}}\right]$ – Complex
Output

On exit: if the default option
${\mathbf{Vectors}}=\mathrm{RITZ}$ (see
f12adc) has been selected then
z contains the final set of eigenvectors corresponding to the eigenvalues held in
d. The complex eigenvector associated with an eigenvalue is stored in the corresponding array section of
z.

4:
$\mathbf{sigma}$ – Complex
Input

On entry: if one of the
${\mathbf{Shifted\; Inverse}}$ (see
f12arc) modes has been selected then
sigma contains the shift used; otherwise
sigma is not referenced.

5:
$\mathbf{resid}\left[\mathit{dim}\right]$ – const Complex
Input

Note: the dimension,
dim, of the array
resid
must be at least
${\mathbf{n}}$ (see
f12anc).
On entry: must not be modified following a call to
f12apc since it contains data required by
f12aqc.

6:
$\mathbf{v}\left[{\mathbf{n}}\times {\mathbf{ncv}}\right]$ – Complex
Input/Output

The $\mathit{i}$th element of the $\mathit{j}$th basis vector is stored in location ${\mathbf{v}}\left[{\mathbf{n}}\times \left(\mathit{j}1\right)+\mathit{i}1\right]$, for $\mathit{i}=1,2,\dots ,{\mathbf{n}}$ and $\mathit{j}=1,2,\dots ,{\mathbf{ncv}}$.
On entry: the
ncv sections of
v, of length
$n$, contain the Arnoldi basis vectors for
$\mathrm{op}$ as constructed by
f12apc.
On exit: if the option
${\mathbf{Vectors}}=\mathrm{SCHUR}$ or
$\mathrm{RITZ}$ has been set and a separate array
z has been passed (i.e.,
z does not equal
v), then the first
nconv sections of
v, of length
$n$, will contain approximate Schur vectors that span the desired invariant subspace.

7:
$\mathbf{comm}\left[\mathit{dim}\right]$ – Complex
Communication Array

Note: the actual argument supplied
must be the array
comm supplied to the initialization routine
f12anc.
On initial entry: must remain unchanged from the prior call to
f12anc.
On exit: contains data on the current state of the solution.

8:
$\mathbf{icomm}\left[\mathit{dim}\right]$ – Integer
Communication Array

Note: the actual argument supplied
must be the array
icomm supplied to the initialization routine
f12anc.
On initial entry: must remain unchanged from the prior call to
f12anc.
On exit: contains data on the current state of the solution.

9:
$\mathbf{fail}$ – NagError *
Input/Output

The NAG error argument (see
Section 7 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface).
6
Error Indicators and Warnings
 NE_ALLOC_FAIL

Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See
Section 3.1.2 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for further information.
 NE_BAD_PARAM

On entry, argument $\u27e8\mathit{\text{value}}\u27e9$ had an illegal value.
 NE_INTERNAL_EIGVEC_FAIL

In calculating eigenvectors, an internal call returned with an error. The function returned with
${\mathbf{fail}}\mathbf{.}\mathbf{code}=\u27e8\mathit{\text{value}}\u27e9$. Please contact
NAG.
 NE_INTERNAL_ERROR

An internal error has occurred in this function. Check the function call and any array sizes. If the call is correct then please contact
NAG for assistance.
See
Section 7.5 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for further information.
 NE_INVALID_OPTION

On entry, ${\mathbf{Vectors}}=\text{Select}$, but this is not yet implemented.
 NE_NO_LICENCE

Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See
Section 8 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for further information.
 NE_RITZ_COUNT

Got a different count of the number of converged Ritz values than the value passed to it through the argument
icomm: number counted
$=\u27e8\mathit{\text{value}}\u27e9$, number expected
$=\u27e8\mathit{\text{value}}\u27e9$. This usually indicates that a communication array has been altered or has become corrupted between calls to
f12apc and
f12aqc.
 NE_SCHUR_EIG_FAIL

During calculation of a Schur form, there was a failure to compute $\u27e8\mathit{\text{value}}\u27e9$ eigenvalues in a total of $\u27e8\mathit{\text{value}}\u27e9$ iterations.
 NE_SCHUR_REORDER

The computed Schur form could not be reordered by an internal call. This function returned with
${\mathbf{fail}}\mathbf{.}\mathbf{code}=\u27e8\mathit{\text{value}}\u27e9$. Please contact
NAG.
 NE_ZERO_EIGS_FOUND

The number of eigenvalues found to sufficient accuracy, as communicated through the argument
icomm, is zero. You should experiment with different values of
nev and
ncv, or select a different computational mode or increase the maximum number of iterations prior to calling
f12apc.
7
Accuracy
The relative accuracy of a Ritz value,
$\lambda $, is considered acceptable if its Ritz estimate
$\le {\mathbf{Tolerance}}\times \left\lambda \right$. The default
${\mathbf{Tolerance}}$ used is the
machine precision given by
X02AJC.
8
Parallelism and Performance
Background information to multithreading can be found in the
Multithreading documentation.
f12aqc makes calls to BLAS and/or LAPACK routines, which may be threaded within the vendor library used by this implementation. Consult the documentation for the vendor library for further information.
Please consult the
X06 Chapter Introduction for information on how to control and interrogate the OpenMP environment used within this function. Please also consult the
Users' Note for your implementation for any additional implementationspecific information.
None.
10
Example
This example solves $Ax=\lambda Bx$ in regularinvert mode, where $A$ and $B$ are derived from the standard central difference discretization of the onedimensional convectiondiffusion operator $\frac{{d}^{2}u}{d{x}^{2}}+\rho \frac{du}{dx}$
on $[0,1]$, with zero Dirichlet boundary conditions.
10.1
Program Text
10.2
Program Data
10.3
Program Results