# NAG CL Interfacef16pmc (dger)

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## 1Purpose

f16pmc performs a rank-1 update on a real general matrix.

## 2Specification

 #include
 void f16pmc (Nag_OrderType order, Nag_ConjType conj, Integer m, Integer n, double alpha, const double x[], Integer incx, const double y[], Integer incy, double beta, double a[], Integer pda, NagError *fail)
The function may be called by the names: f16pmc, nag_blast_dger or nag_dger.

## 3Description

f16pmc performs the rank-1 update operation
 $A←αxyT+βA,$
where $A$ is an $m×n$ real matrix, $x$ is an $m$ element real vector, $y$ is an $n$-element real vector, and $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are real scalars. If $m$ or $n$ is equal to zero or if $\beta$ is equal to one and $\alpha$ is equal to zero, this function returns immediately.

## 4References

Basic Linear Algebra Subprograms Technical (BLAST) Forum (2001) Basic Linear Algebra Subprograms Technical (BLAST) Forum Standard University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee https://www.netlib.org/blas/blast-forum/blas-report.pdf

## 5Arguments

1: $\mathbf{order}$Nag_OrderType Input
On entry: the order argument specifies the two-dimensional storage scheme being used, i.e., row-major ordering or column-major ordering. C language defined storage is specified by ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$. See Section 3.1.3 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for a more detailed explanation of the use of this argument.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$ or $\mathrm{Nag_ColMajor}$.
2: $\mathbf{conj}$Nag_ConjType Input
On entry: the argument conj is not referenced if $x$ and $y$ are real vectors. It is suggested that you set ${\mathbf{conj}}=\mathrm{Nag_NoConj}$ where the elements ${y}_{i}$ are not conjugated.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{conj}}=\mathrm{Nag_NoConj}$.
3: $\mathbf{m}$Integer Input
On entry: $m$, the number of rows of the matrix $A$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{m}}\ge 0$.
4: $\mathbf{n}$Integer Input
On entry: $n$, the number of columns of the matrix $A$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{n}}\ge 0$.
5: $\mathbf{alpha}$double Input
On entry: the scalar $\alpha$.
6: $\mathbf{x}\left[\mathit{dim}\right]$const double Input
Note: the dimension, dim, of the array x must be at least $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,1+\left({\mathbf{m}}-1\right)|{\mathbf{incx}}|\right)$.
On entry: the $n$-element vector $x$.
If ${\mathbf{incx}}>0$, ${x}_{\mathit{i}}$ must be stored in ${\mathbf{x}}\left[\left(\mathit{i}-1\right)×{\mathbf{incx}}\right]$, for $\mathit{i}=1,2,\dots ,{\mathbf{m}}$.
If ${\mathbf{incx}}<0$, ${x}_{\mathit{i}}$ must be stored in ${\mathbf{x}}\left[\left({\mathbf{m}}-\mathit{i}\right)×|{\mathbf{incx}}|\right]$, for $\mathit{i}=1,2,\dots ,{\mathbf{m}}$.
Intermediate elements of x are not referenced. If ${\mathbf{m}}=0$, x is not referenced and may be NULL.
7: $\mathbf{incx}$Integer Input
On entry: the increment in the subscripts of x between successive elements of $x$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{incx}}\ne 0$.
8: $\mathbf{y}\left[\mathit{dim}\right]$const double Input
Note: the dimension, dim, of the array y must be at least $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,1+\left({\mathbf{n}}-1\right)|{\mathbf{incy}}|\right)$.
On entry: the $n$-element vector $y$.
If ${\mathbf{incy}}>0$, ${y}_{\mathit{i}}$ must be stored in ${\mathbf{y}}\left[\left(\mathit{i}-1\right)×{\mathbf{incy}}\right]$, for $\mathit{i}=1,2,\dots ,{\mathbf{n}}$.
If ${\mathbf{incy}}<0$, ${y}_{\mathit{i}}$ must be stored in ${\mathbf{y}}\left[\left({\mathbf{n}}-\mathit{i}\right)×|{\mathbf{incy}}|\right]$, for $\mathit{i}=1,2,\dots ,{\mathbf{n}}$.
Intermediate elements of y are not referenced. If $\alpha =0.0$ or ${\mathbf{n}}=0$, y is not referenced and may be NULL.
9: $\mathbf{incy}$Integer Input
On entry: the increment in the subscripts of y between successive elements of $y$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{incy}}\ne 0$.
10: $\mathbf{beta}$double Input
On entry: the scalar $\beta$.
11: $\mathbf{a}\left[\mathit{dim}\right]$double Input/Output
Note: the dimension, dim, of the array a must be at least
• $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{pda}}×{\mathbf{n}}\right)$ when ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_ColMajor}$;
• $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{m}}×{\mathbf{pda}}\right)$ when ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$.
If ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_ColMajor}$, ${A}_{ij}$ is stored in ${\mathbf{a}}\left[\left(j-1\right)×{\mathbf{pda}}+i-1\right]$.
If ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$, ${A}_{ij}$ is stored in ${\mathbf{a}}\left[\left(i-1\right)×{\mathbf{pda}}+j-1\right]$.
On entry: the $m×n$ matrix $A$.
On exit: the updated matrix $A$.
12: $\mathbf{pda}$Integer Input
On entry: the stride separating row or column elements (depending on the value of order) in the array a.
Constraints:
• if ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_ColMajor}$, ${\mathbf{pda}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{m}}\right)$;
• if ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$, ${\mathbf{pda}}\ge {\mathbf{n}}$.
13: $\mathbf{fail}$NagError * Input/Output
The NAG error argument (see Section 7 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface).

## 6Error Indicators and Warnings

NE_ALLOC_FAIL
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 3.1.2 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for further information.
On entry, argument $⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$ had an illegal value.
NE_INT
On entry, ${\mathbf{incx}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{incx}}\ne 0$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{incy}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{incy}}\ne 0$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{m}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{m}}\ge 0$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{n}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{n}}\ge 0$.
NE_INT_2
On entry, ${\mathbf{pda}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$, ${\mathbf{m}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{pda}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{m}}\right)$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{pda}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$ and ${\mathbf{n}}=⟨\mathit{\text{value}}⟩$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{pda}}\ge {\mathbf{n}}$.
NE_INTERNAL_ERROR
An internal error has occurred in this function. Check the function call and any array sizes. If the call is correct then please contact NAG for assistance.
NE_NO_LICENCE
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 8 in the Introduction to the NAG Library CL Interface for further information.

## 7Accuracy

The BLAS standard requires accurate implementations which avoid unnecessary over/underflow (see Section 2.7 of Basic Linear Algebra Subprograms Technical (BLAST) Forum (2001)).

## 8Parallelism and Performance

f16pmc is not threaded in any implementation.

The argument conj is not referenced in this case where $x$ and $y$ are real vectors.

## 10Example

Perform rank-1 update of real matrix $A$ using vectors $x$ and $y$:
 $A ← A - x yT ,$
where $A$ is the $3×2$ matrix given by
 $A = ( 3.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 9.0 ) ,$
 $x = (2.0,3.0,5.0) T and y = (0.0,1.0,0.0) T .$

### 10.1Program Text

Program Text (f16pmce.c)

### 10.2Program Data

Program Data (f16pmce.d)

### 10.3Program Results

Program Results (f16pmce.r)