The routine may be called by the names g05tff or nagf_rand_int_log.
g05tff generates integers from a discrete logarithmic distribution, where the probability of is
The variates can be generated with or without using a search table and index. If a search table is used then it is stored with the index in a reference vector and subsequent calls to
g05tff with the same parameter value can then use this reference vector to generate further variates.
One of the initialization routines g05kff (for a repeatable sequence if computed sequentially) or g05kgf (for a non-repeatable sequence) must be called prior to the first call to g05tff.
Knuth D E (1981) The Art of Computer Programming (Volume 2) (2nd Edition) Addison–Wesley
1: – IntegerInput
On entry: a code for selecting the operation to be performed by the routine.
Set up reference vector only.
Generate variates using reference vector set up in a prior call to g05tff.
Set up reference vector and generate variates.
Generate variates without using the reference vector.
, , or .
2: – IntegerInput
On entry: , the number of pseudorandom numbers to be generated.
3: – Real (Kind=nag_wp)Input
On entry: , the parameter of the logarithmic distribution.
4: – Real (Kind=nag_wp) arrayCommunication Array
On entry: if , the reference vector from the previous call to g05tff.
On entry: the dimension of the array r as declared in the (sub)program from which g05tff is called.
if , ;
if or , lr must not be too small, but the lower limit is too complicated to specify;
if , lr must remain unchanged from the previous call to g05tff.
6: – Integer arrayCommunication Array
Note: the actual argument supplied must be the array state supplied to the initialization routines g05kff or g05kgf.
On entry: contains information on the selected base generator and its current state.
On exit: contains updated information on the state of the generator.
7: – Integer arrayOutput
On exit: the pseudorandom numbers from the specified logarithmic distribution.
8: – IntegerInput/Output
On entry: ifail must be set to , or to set behaviour on detection of an error; these values have no effect when no error is detected.
A value of causes the printing of an error message and program execution will be halted; otherwise program execution continues. A value of means that an error message is printed while a value of means that it is not.
If halting is not appropriate, the value or is recommended. If message printing is undesirable, then the value is recommended. Otherwise, the value is recommended. When the value or is used it is essential to test the value of ifail on exit.
On exit: unless the routine detects an error or a warning has been flagged (see Section 6).
6Error Indicators and Warnings
If on entry or , explanatory error messages are output on the current error message unit (as defined by x04aaf).
Errors or warnings detected by the routine:
On entry, .
Constraint: , , or .
On entry, .
On entry, .
On entry, some of the elements of the array r have been corrupted or have not been initialized.
The value of a is not the same as when r was set up in a previous call.
Previous value of and .
On entry, lr is too small when or : , minimum length required .
On entry, state vector has been corrupted or not initialized.
An unexpected error has been triggered by this routine. Please
See Section 7 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 8 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 9 in the Introduction to the NAG Library FL Interface for further information.
8Parallelism and Performance
g05tff is threaded by NAG for parallel execution in multithreaded implementations of the NAG Library.
Please consult the X06 Chapter Introduction for information on how to control and interrogate the OpenMP environment used within this routine. Please also consult the Users' Note for your implementation for any additional implementation-specific information.
This example prints pseudorandom integers from a logarithmic distribution with parameter , generated by a single call to g05tff, after initialization by g05kff.