NAG C Library Function Document

nag_elliptic_integral_rj (s21bdc)


nag_elliptic_integral_rj (s21bdc) returns a value of the symmetrised elliptic integral of the third kind.


#include <nag.h>
#include <nags.h>
double  nag_elliptic_integral_rj (double x, double y, double z, double r, NagError *fail)


nag_elliptic_integral_rj (s21bdc) calculates an approximation to the integral
RJx,y,z,ρ=320dt t+ρt+xt+yt+z  
where x, y, z0, ρ0 and at most one of x, y and z is zero.
If ρ<0, the result computed is the Cauchy principal value of the integral.
The basic algorithm, which is due to Carlson (1979) and Carlson (1988), is to reduce the arguments recursively towards their mean by the rule:
x0 = x,y0=y,z0=z,ρ0=ρ μn = xn+yn+zn+2ρn/5 Xn = 1-xn/μn Yn = 1-yn/μn Zn = 1-zn/μn Pn = 1-ρn/μn λn = xnyn+ynzn+znxn xn+1 = xn+λn/4 yn+1 = yn+λn/4 zn+1 = zn+λn/4 ρn+1 = ρn+λn/4 αn = ρnxn,+yn,+zn+xnynzn 2 βn = ρn ρn+λn 2  
For n sufficiently large,
and the function may be approximated by a fifth order power series
RJx,y,z,ρ= 3m= 0 n- 14-m RCαm,βm + 4-nμn3 1+ 37Sn 2 + 13Sn 3 + 322Sn 2 2+ 311Sn 4 + 313Sn 2 Sn 3 + 313Sn 5  
where Sn m =Xnm+Ynm+Znm+2Pnm/2m.
The truncation error in this expansion is bounded by 3εn6/ 1-εn 3 and the recursion process is terminated when this quantity is negligible compared with the machine precision. The function may fail either because it has been called with arguments outside the domain of definition or with arguments so extreme that there is an unavoidable danger of setting underflow or overflow.
Note:  RJx,x,x,x=x-32, so there exists a region of extreme arguments for which the function value is not representable.


NIST Digital Library of Mathematical Functions
Carlson B C (1979) Computing elliptic integrals by duplication Numerische Mathematik 33 1–16
Carlson B C (1988) A table of elliptic integrals of the third kind Math. Comput. 51 267–280


1:     x doubleInput
2:     y doubleInput
3:     z doubleInput
4:     r doubleInput
On entry: the arguments x, y, z and ρ of the function.
Constraint: x, y, z0.0, r0.0 and at most one of x, y and z may be zero.
5:     fail NagError *Input/Output
The NAG error argument (see Section 3.7 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation).

Error Indicators and Warnings

Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation for further information.
An internal error has occurred in this function. Check the function call and any array sizes. If the call is correct then please contact NAG for assistance.
See Section 2.7.6 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation for further information.
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 2.7.5 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation for further information.
On entry, r=0.0.
Constraint: r0.0.
On entry, x=value, y=value and z=value.
Constraint: at most one of x, y and z is 0.0.
The function is undefined.
On entry, U=value, r=value, x=value, y=value and z=value.
Constraint: rU and xU and yU and zU.
On entry, L=value, r=value, x=value, y=value and z=value.
Constraint: rL and at most one of x, y and z is less than L.
On entry, x=value, y=value and z=value.
Constraint: x0.0 and y0.0 and z0.0.


In principle the function is capable of producing full machine precision. However, round-off errors in internal arithmetic will result in slight loss of accuracy. This loss should never be excessive as the algorithm does not involve any significant amplification of round-off error. It is reasonable to assume that the result is accurate to within a small multiple of the machine precision.

Parallelism and Performance

nag_elliptic_integral_rj (s21bdc) is not threaded in any implementation.

Further Comments

You should consult the s Chapter Introduction which shows the relationship of this function to the classical definitions of the elliptic integrals.
If the argument r is equal to any of the other arguments, the function reduces to the integral RD, computed by nag_elliptic_integral_rd (s21bcc).


This example simply generates a small set of nonextreme arguments which are used with the function to produce the table of low accuracy results.

Program Text

Program Text (s21bdce.c)

Program Data


Program Results

Program Results (s21bdce.r)