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S Chapter Introduction
NAG Library Manual

NAG Library Routine DocumentS18CDF

Note:  before using this routine, please read the Users' Note for your implementation to check the interpretation of bold italicised terms and other implementation-dependent details.

1  Purpose

S18CDF returns a value of the scaled modified Bessel function ${e}^{x}{K}_{1}\left(x\right)$ via the function name.

2  Specification

 FUNCTION S18CDF ( X, IFAIL)
 REAL (KIND=nag_wp) S18CDF
 INTEGER IFAIL REAL (KIND=nag_wp) X

3  Description

S18CDF evaluates an approximation to ${e}^{x}{K}_{1}\left(x\right)$, where ${K}_{1}$ is a modified Bessel function of the second kind. The scaling factor ${e}^{x}$ removes most of the variation in ${K}_{1}\left(x\right)$.
The routine uses the same Chebyshev expansions as S18ADF, which returns the unscaled value of ${K}_{1}\left(x\right)$.

4  References

Abramowitz M and Stegun I A (1972) Handbook of Mathematical Functions (3rd Edition) Dover Publications

5  Parameters

1:     X – REAL (KIND=nag_wp)Input
On entry: the argument $x$ of the function.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{X}}>0.0$.
2:     IFAIL – INTEGERInput/Output
On entry: IFAIL must be set to $0$, $-1\text{​ or ​}1$. If you are unfamiliar with this parameter you should refer to Section 3.3 in the Essential Introduction for details.
For environments where it might be inappropriate to halt program execution when an error is detected, the value $-1\text{​ or ​}1$ is recommended. If the output of error messages is undesirable, then the value $1$ is recommended. Otherwise, if you are not familiar with this parameter, the recommended value is $0$. When the value $-\mathbf{1}\text{​ or ​}\mathbf{1}$ is used it is essential to test the value of IFAIL on exit.
On exit: ${\mathbf{IFAIL}}={\mathbf{0}}$ unless the routine detects an error or a warning has been flagged (see Section 6).

6  Error Indicators and Warnings

If on entry ${\mathbf{IFAIL}}={\mathbf{0}}$ or $-{\mathbf{1}}$, explanatory error messages are output on the current error message unit (as defined by X04AAF).
Errors or warnings detected by the routine:
${\mathbf{IFAIL}}=1$
On entry, ${\mathbf{X}}\le 0.0$: ${K}_{1}$ is undefined. On soft failure S18CDF returns zero.
${\mathbf{IFAIL}}=2$
On entry, X is too close to zero, as determined by the value of the safe-range parameter X02AMF: there is a danger of causing overflow. On soft failure, S18CDF returns the reciprocal of the safe-range parameter.

7  Accuracy

Relative errors in the argument are attenuated when propagated into the function value. When the accuracy of the argument is essentially limited by the machine precision, the accuracy of the function value will be similarly limited by at most a small multiple of the machine precision.

None.

9  Example

This example reads values of the argument $x$ from a file, evaluates the function at each value of $x$ and prints the results.

9.1  Program Text

Program Text (s18cdfe.f90)

9.2  Program Data

Program Data (s18cdfe.d)

9.3  Program Results

Program Results (s18cdfe.r)